About the transit fare data project

The Transit Fare Project benchmarks the cost of public transport fares across 90+ cities across the world. It aims to provide transit companies, governments and public transport users with the ability to compare fare structures and fare levels between cities and towns.

What data is collected?

The following data is collected

  1. Fare levels
  2. Ticket type (for example, single, weekly or monthly passes and so on)
  3. Ticket medium (for example, paper tickets, smartcards, tokens and so on)
  4. Peak, off-peak
  5. Passenger type (for example, full fare / adult, concession fare, seniors and so on).

How the data is collected?

Data is manually collected from publicly available timetables published by transit agencies in each of the cities in the database. Up until 2021, data was collected annually and updated as at 1 July. In the future, fare data will be updated more regularly with updates including the date that the data was collected.

How are fares compared across countries

Fare prices are compared across countries be calculating by calculating the time that a person would need to work at both the statutory minimum wage and the average wage applying in each city in the database.

For cities without official minimum wages (e.g. Oslo in Norway) data on wages paid to traditionally low paid workers was used.  For countries that only offer monthly minimum wage, hourly minimum wage has been extrapolated based on a specific number of working hours per week. The number of working hours in a month (which has been generalised to 4 weeks for this report) varies between countries and has been accounted for.  Using minimum and average wages to normalize fare prices has its drawbacks. One limitation is that the minimum wage does not represent public transport users across all income brackets, and ages and does not necessarily reflect the cost of fares on those not in employment (for example, school students and retirees). Nevertheless, using the time required to work at either the minimum or the average wage allows a consistent basis for comparison between different fares for public transport services, which are not traded internationally and are not otherwise directly comparable across cities or countries.